On June 20, 2019, the Senate confirmed Keith Krach as Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and Environment. The former DocuSign and Ariba CEO, nominated by President Trump in January of 2019, will function as the permanent ombudsperson for the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield agreement as part of his role, addressing complaints related to U.S. protection of EU data.

The European Commission has long called for a permanent ombudsperson to oversee complaints as part of the Privacy Shield agreement, which provides companies who certify their compliance with certain data protection principles with a mechanism to lawfully transfer personal data from the EU to the U.S.