NHTSA Set to Release New Automobile Cybersecurity Best Practices

On October 14, 2016, the National Highway Transportation Administration (“NHTSA”) indicated in a letter to Congress that it intends to issue new best practices on vehicle cybersecurity. This letter came in response to an earlier request from the House Committee on Energy and Commerce (“Energy and Commerce Committee”) that NHTSA convene an industry-wide effort to develop a plan to address vulnerabilities posed to vehicles by On-Board Diagnostics (“OBD-II”) ports. Since 1994, the Environmental Protection Agency has required OBD-II ports be installed in all vehicles so that they can be tested for compliance with the Clean Air Act. OBD-II ports provide valuable vehicle diagnostic information and allow for aftermarket devices providing services such as “good driver” insurance benefits and vehicle tracking. Because OBD-II ports provide direct access to a vehicle’s internal network; however, OBD-II ports are widely cited as the central vulnerability to vehicle cybersecurity. Continue Reading

Article 29 Working Party Issues Results of Fablab Workshop on the GDPR

On October 7, 2016, the Article 29 Working Party (the “Working Party”) published a summary of the discussions that took place at its “Fablab” workshop entitled GDPR/from concepts to operational toolbox, DIY, which took place on July 26, 2016, in Brussels. Continue Reading

HHS Releases Guidance on HIPAA and Cloud Computing

Earlier this month, the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office for Civil Rights issued guidance (the “Guidance”) for HIPAA-covered entities that use cloud computing services involving electronic protected health information (“ePHI”). Continue Reading

Federal Regulators Propose New Cybersecurity Rule for Big Banks

On October 19, 2016, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”), the Federal Reserve System (the “Fed”) and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency issued an advance notice of proposed rulemaking suggesting new cybersecurity regulations for banks with assets totaling more than $50 billion (the “Proposed Standards”). Continue Reading

CJEU Rules That Dynamic IP Addresses Are Personal Data

On October 19, 2016, the Court of Justice of the European Union (the “CJEU”) issued its judgment in Patrick Breyer v. Bundesrepublik Deutschland, following the Opinion of Advocate General Manuel Campos Sánchez-Bordona on May 12, 2016. The CJEU followed the Opinion of the Advocate General and declared that a dynamic IP address registered by a website operator must be treated as personal data by that operator to the extent that the user’s Internet service provider (“ISP”) has – and may provide – additional data that in combination with the IP address that would allow for the identification of the user. Continue Reading

California AG Announces Launch of Online CalOPPA Reporting Form

On October 14, 2016, California Attorney General Kamala D. Harris announced the release of a publicly available online form that will enable consumers to report potential violations of the California Online Privacy Protection Act (“CalOPPA”). CalOPPA requires website and mobile app operators to post a privacy policy that contains certain specific content. Continue Reading

CIPL and Telefónica Call for Action on New Approaches to Data Transparency

Recently, the Centre for Information Policy Leadership (“CIPL”) at Hunton & Williams LLP, a privacy and information policy think tank based in Brussels, London and Washington, D.C., and Telefónica, one of the largest telecommunications company in the world, issued a joint white paper on Reframing Data Transparency (the “white paper”). The white paper was the outcome of a June 2016 roundtable held by the two organizations in London, in which senior business leaders, Data Privacy Officers, lawyers and academics discussed the importance of user-centric transparency to the data driven economy. Continue Reading

UK ICO Seeks Personal Liability for Directors

On October 13, 2016, Elizabeth Denham, the UK Information Commissioner, suggested that directors of companies who violate data protection laws should be personally liable to pay fines at a House of Commons Public Bill Committee meeting when discussing the latest draft of the Digital Economy Bill (the “Bill”). The Bill is designed to enable businesses and individuals to access fast, digital communications services, promote investment in digital communications infrastructure and support the “digital transformation of government.” Measures to improve the digital landscape contained in the Bill include the introduction of a new Electronic Communications Code and more effective controls to protect citizens from nuisance calls. More controversially, however, the Bill also contains provisions both enabling and controlling the sharing of data between public authorities and private companies. Continue Reading

G-7 Endorses Best Practices for Bank Cybersecurity

On October 11, 2016, Group of Seven (“G-7”) financial leaders endorsed the Fundamental Elements of Cybersecurity for the Financial Sector (“Best Practices”), a set of non-binding best practices for banks and financial institutions to address cybersecurity threats. The endorsement was motivated by recent large hacks on international banks, including the February 2016 theft of $81 million from the central bank of Bangladesh’s account at the New York Federal Reserve. Continue Reading