Earlier this month, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) published a white paper entitled “Promoting Public Safety, Privacy, and the Rule of Law Around the World: The Purpose and Impact of the CLOUD Act” (“White Paper”). The Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act (the “CLOUD Act”) was enacted in March 2018 by the U.S. government to aid foreign and U.S. investigators in obtaining access to electronic information related to serious crimes and held by service providers. The CLOUD Act authorizes the U.S. to enter into bilateral agreements with foreign countries that abide by a baseline standard for rule-of-law, privacy and civil liberties protections to streamline processes for obtaining electronic evidence. The CLOUD Act also codifies the principle that a company subject to U.S. jurisdiction “can be required to produce data the company controls, regardless of where it is stored at any point in time.”
On October 22, 2018, the UK Court of Appeal upheld the High Court’s decision that VM Morrison Supermarkets PLC (“Morrisons”) was vicariously liable for a data breach caused by a disgruntled former employee, despite Morrisons being cleared of any wrongdoing (VM Morrison Supermarkets PLC v Various Claimants). The case is important, given its potential “floodgate” effect on data breach class action claims in the UK. The Supreme Court has granted Morrisons permission to appeal the judgment on all grounds.
The much-discussed Washington Privacy Act, Senate Bill 5376 (“SB 5376”), appears to have died after failing to receive a House vote by an April 17, 2019 deadline for action on non-budget policy bills. Though the bill could be revived before the regular session ends on April 28, 2019, Washington lawmakers expressed doubt.
Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP is pleased to announce the launch of a dedicated site focused on the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (“CCPA”), which serves as a resource for businesses to understand and prepare to comply with the CCPA. Transformative in nature, the CCPA will impact most businesses that process the personal information of California residents, and is likely to set the stage for a wider shift in standards on data privacy across the United States.
On April 9, 2019, the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (the “ICO”) levied one of its most significant fines under the Data Protection Act 1998 (the “DPA”) against pregnancy and parenting club Bounty (UK) Limited (“Bounty”), fining the company GBP 400,000. Bounty, which provides new and expectant mothers with information and offers for products and services, collects personal data online, via an app, and offline through hard copy cards. The company also offered a data broking service. Bounty came to the attention of the ICO as a “significant supplier” of personal data in the context of the ICO’s wider and ongoing investigation into the data broking industry.
On April 12, 2019, the European Data Protection Board (“EDPB”) published draft guidelines 2/2019 on the processing of personal data in the context of the provision of online services to data subjects (the “Guidelines”). Continue Reading EDPB Publishes Guidelines on the Contractual Legal Basis for Data Processing of Online Services
On April 12, 2019, Senator Edward J. Markey (MA) introduced the Privacy Bill of Rights Act (the “Act”), comprehensive privacy legislation intended to protect individuals’ “personal information,” defined as “information that directly or indirectly identifies, relates to, describes, is capable of being associated with, or could reasonably be linked to, a particular individual.” This definition is substantially similar to the definition of “personal information” contained in the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018. The Act also includes an enumerated list of examples that constitute “personal information” and specifically excludes certain publicly available information from the term.
On April 11, 2019, the French Data Protection Authority (the “CNIL”) launched an online public consultation regarding two new CNIL draft standards (“Referentials”) concerning the processing of personal data for (1) core HR management purposes and (2) the operation of a whistleblowing hotline. Continue Reading CNIL Launches Public Consultation on Draft Standards on HR Data Processing and Whistleblowing Hotlines
Social media platforms, file hosting sites, discussion forums, messaging services and search engines in the UK are likely to come under increased pressure to monitor and edit online content after the UK Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (“DCMS”) announced in its Online Harms White Paper (the “White Paper”), released this month, proposals for a new regulatory framework to make companies more responsible for users’ online safety. Notably, the White Paper proposes a new duty of care owed to website users, and an independent regulator to oversee compliance.
The European Commission (the “Commission”) has released a long-awaited study on GDPR data protection certification mechanisms (the “Study”). As we previously reported, the Commission announced its intention to look into GDPR certifications in January of 2018.